Art history essay papers

Watercolors with Elizabeth Peyton

The Italian term "Madonna" is a medieval term for a noble or important woman, but in Western art it has come to specifically refer to work that depicts the Virgin Mother Mary. Other subjects of importance were the Holy Family and the Passion of the Christ. Raphael was very much creating exemplary work of the Renaissance period -- other Renaissance artists such as Da Vinci and Michaelangelo have also become renown for their depictions of the Madonna. Two of the most popular moments in the life of the Virgin Mary that were chosen for depiction in Madonna art were the Virgin with the Child, and the Pieta.

During…… [Read More]. Painted between , it was done with oil paints on wood. Part of the reason it has so haunted people is because of Da Vinci's unique ability to capture expressions and facial subtleties that are lost in works by other artists. Da Vinci used a combination of idealizing and humanizing his subjects that gave them a realistic and surrealistic feel. The Mona Lisa has so many feelings expressed in the face that her smile has become legendary in and of itself for being completely mysterious.

There are rumors that Da Vinci hired clowns and singers and other performers to amuse the model for his Mona Lisa so that she would enjoy her time posing for him, which is one theory as to…… [Read More]. Art History High Renaissance. Art History - High Renaissance The contextual knowledge of the era of High Renaissance and Mannerism is important as its integral to any study of work emerging from the period. The Renaissance movement took place in Europe from the early 14th to late 16th century, which witnessed a revival of interest in the values and artistic styles of classical antiquity especially in Italy.

Early in the movement, the concept of Renaissance or revival emerged as a consequence of contemporary efforts in the period to imitate the poetic and painting styles of the ancient Greeks and Romans. While Early Renaissance artists sought to create art forms consistent with the appearance of the natural world and…… [Read More]. A series of powerful and ambitious popes, most notably Julius II and those associated with the rich and powerful De Medici family run by Cosimo De Medici and later on by Lorenzo De Medici, created a new papal state with Rome as its capitol and artistic center of Europe.

These popes embellished Rome with great works of art and invited artists from all over Italy to take on some very challenging tasks. In its duration, the "High Renaissance" ca. Art History the 'Self' Concept in Abstract. Art History The 'Self' Concept in Abstract Expressionism Movement Throughout many years, movements concerning approaches on different works of art often reflect principles that appeal to the utility and social function of artworks, which is the primary characteristic of Socialist art movement. Moreover, Cubism as an art movement subsists to creating ambiguous sense of space and use of geometric shapes to flatten the objects and subjects of the painting.

Figures, objects, and subjects are broken into fragments and are overlapped with each other. These are examples of important movements in art history that, somehow, deal with artworks as creations or products of an individual's conscious being, since these artworks have specific interpretations, functions, and purposes. But what if artworks cannot be easily interpreted, and have no specific functions and purposes? The above-mentioned characteristics are illustrated in artworks created through the Abstract Expressionism movement. In this movement, there is a spontaneous…… [Read More].

Art History War Imagery in Ancient and Contemporary Art Considering the backdrop of politics and war is an important part of understanding ancient and contemporary art Stockstad, , p. Historians can tell a lot about the actual events and feelings that occurred during wartime by looking at the rat of the time.

Standards and Expectations for an Art History Paper

As the twentieth century dawned, many European and Americans had an optimistic outlook on life, believing that human society would advance through the spread of democracy, capitalism and technological change. Thus, during this time, artwork was relatively positive and upbeat.

However, the competitive nature of both colonialism and capitalism created greater instability in Europe, and countries banded together in rival political alliances. War imagery was created by many artists and often was used as propaganda. The United States entered in and…… [Read More]. Art History Mark Rothko's Earth.

Their uneven edges contrast with the stark, sharp, straight lines of the canvas itself. Correspondingly, Rothko uses the canvas to its maximum space, extending the blue background all the way to the edges. The blue is neither bright nor dull; it is a calm blue like the one that just follows dusk or precedes dawn.

Such a naturalistic blue matches the earthy red and green used for the rectangles. Furthermore, Rothko uses some shadow and nuance, creating slightly darker blue lines around the rectangles. The red rectangle floats above the green one. The green rectangle can be experienced as a giant field of grass, or as a forest scene from a distance. Like the blue field in the background, the green is not a solid block of color. There are nuances and shades within the green. Likewise, the red appears darker in some spots than in others, especially around the…… [Read More].

Art History John Singleton Copley. The dress is refined, but oversized and ill-fitting as befits a young boy. Here too, an Americanism is no doubt being added. Rather than make Henry Pelham appear too formal, as the scion of some great house in a European portrait, Copley reminds us that his subject is quite young and probably wearing hand-me-downs, or else some cost-saving garment into which he will eventually grow.

It is a budding American disregard for class - a break with both the limners and the European masters. Copley's half-brother is both a young man of a good family and of a certain standing in society, and also any boy of the same age and similar means. In many ways, Henry Pelham comes across as a typical schoolboy. The way he holds string in his hand makes it appear like a pencil or pen that he is absent-mindedly twirling in his fingers as an…… [Read More].

Art History Marxism: Principal Ideology in Russian Constructivism and Mexican Mural Movement In the history or political philosophy, Karl Marx has revolutionized the social structure of the society by introducing in his discourse, The Communist Manifesto, the concept of modern Socialism, more popularly called as Socialism.

In his discourse, Marx posits that in the course of human history, there is the ongoing struggle between the oppressed and the oppressor, which he termed the proletariat and bourgeois societies, respectively. Marx argues that this continued oppression of the proletariat by the bourgeois class will eventually lead to social revolution, where the proletariats will be the new dominant social class, and social order is ruled by the proletariats.

A distinct characteristic of Marx's concept of socialism is that it promotes state ownership, control of means of production and distribution, and reconstruction of the capitalist and other political systems through peaceful and democratic means. Art History the Functions and Dysfunctions Mass. Popular Art in John Berger's "ays of Seeing" The emergence of the Industrial Revolution gave birth to numerous movements that influenced contemporary culture and society at the turn of 20th century. The increase in production and distribution of goods and services, and the production of surplus of these goods and services gave birth to advertising.

Consequently, advertising, in order to attract and entice consumers to buy their products or subsist to their services, came up with creative concepts on advertising their products and services -- through art and the mass media. Thus, popular culture was created, where mass communicated media messages are extended to consumers in visual, audio, print, and, nowadays, in multimedia forms. Advertising is an essential factor that propagates two interrelated elements in today's capitalist world: popular culture and consumption.

These two are interrelated because what…… [Read More]. The statue is The majority of the statue is made from bronze, but it is ornamented with inlaid silver. The tiny Amitabha Buddha is seated within the topknot of hair on the Bodhisattva's head. Although the posture is erect with a very straight back, the Bodhisattva is not well muscled: there is a curvature to the hips and a smooth femininity to the arms. The posture of "Royal Ease" indicates a relaxation and informality. The Bodhisattva's right hand is missing broken off. There also seems to be some damage to his skirt and to the base of the statue on which he sits, but it is impossible to tell if some ornament is missing in these portions.

This bottle shape was favored in northern Peru for 3,…… [Read More]. Art History What Conclusions Can. In tombs like this and in many others, the walls were usually covered with paintings in the form of murals, mostly drawn from Greek legends. Most of the time, these murals provide scenes of banquets, feasts and revelry, such as in the Tomb of the Leopards in Tarquinia, Italy. This tomb is decorated with a banquet scene and groups of dancers and musicians.

These wall paintings are similar yet different from those of other ancient societies, for in ancient Roman, the murals were more focused on the family and familial ancestry; Minoan murals also express the daily lives of the Minoans, celebrating at banquets, sporting events and religious ceremonies; Egyptian murals, however, usually expressed religious activities, especially those of the gods and goddesses, such as Osiris and Isis, and with Greek murals, those of the Etruscans…… [Read More].

SRL has the following Mission Statement "SRL is an organization of creative technicians dedicated to redirecting the techniques, tools, and tenets of industry, science, and the military away from their typical manifestations in practicality, product or warfare.

Art History Essays (Examples)

Performances consist of a unique set of ritualized interactions between machines, robots, and special-effect devices, employed in developing themes of sociopolitical satire. Art History Structuralism and Semiotics in Advertising. Art History Structuralism and Semiotics in Advertising Modern culture in the 20th century characteristically subsists to techniques of structuralism and semiotics, which introduces a new scientific rigor to art criticism. This is because both fields of study provide systematic and detailed analyses of images and texts.


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Structuralism and semiotics also borrows from various disciplines, such as linguistics, anthropology, psychology, philosophy, and other social sciences in the analysis of these images and texts. Structuralism is the study of various code functions within a single structure, which may be in different forms. Through this discipline of image and text analysis, structuralists can scientifically, i.

Semiotics, on the other hand, is the study of symbols, representation, and signs. Thus, both are essential in the study of codes which can be words, images, sounds, odors, and objects that are encountered through sensory experience …… [Read More]. Art History - Gilgamesh Since. The poem shows him as a harsh ruler, very rude to people and a lady's man. This behavior stirs the gods against him and god Aruru creates Enkidu, a wild creature, to be the rival of Gilgamesh and punish him for all his bad deeds.

The two characters fight, but in the end, they become friends. On a deeper analysis of the text of this poem, Enkidu may be perceived as the human part of Gilgamesh, and their fight as an inner fight between mortality and immortality. In the end, mortality is accepted and poise is re-established. Enkidu appears like an innocent and humble creature, ready to follow his friend in the most dangerous fights. He is very courageous, ready to sacrifice.

Even from the beginning, there is a very powerful bond between the two. Despite the fact that they are different, they create a whole new being together, this…… [Read More]. Art History the Values of. The rococo ethos symbolized this coming together of worldly knowledge and artistic accomplishment. It was a world of the few and the privileged, but in its promotion of careful inquiry and insightful debate, it was laying the groundwork for another era.

The works of the philosophes quickly turned to an out and out criticism of the status quo. Men like Voltaire and woman like Madame de Stael, pursued avenues of thought that lead directly, in their most extreme versions, to revolution. Diderot's Encyclopedie, and Johnson's Dictionary of the English Language, were examples of the strongly rational spirit that was emerging.

Much as Socrates, Plato, Aristotle and other Classical thinkers had sought to probe and to understand the mysteries of the natural and human world, so too did the leaders of the Eighteenth Century hope to create a civilization that was based on rational principles and scientific investigation. Turning to examples…… [Read More]. Magna is a plastic painting product made of permanent pigment ground in acrylic resen with solvents and plasticizer.

This material mixes with turpentine and mineral spirits and dries rapidly with a mat finish www. Painted in , this work is 85 inches in heighth and 70 inches in width, Hazen Foundation Inc. Newhouse Foundation Inc. Art History the Architecture of. Patterned after the old cathedral at Reims, the abbey church displays a similar set of volumes with east and west transepts with crossing towers; an especially large western apse balancing a triple apse at the opposite end.

The massing of the towers around the main structure of the nave, and the rows of round arched windows set high in the walls are typical Romanesque features. The overall affect is one of fortress-like magnificence - a fitting setting for an abbey in a world that was still heavily plagued by violence, and in which the learned were as yet required to turn inward. Symbolically, too, it represents the introspection of religion, the commitment of the devout to purge themselves of sin, and to create a pure space within themselves, one that is walled off from all external temptations.

The interior plan, as well, is simple and straightforward, a two-aisled nave that…… [Read More]. Art History Willem De Kooning's. Each quadrant contains different shapes, forms, and combinations of color but all four quadrants interact harmoniously. The balanced composition of "Woman 1" offers counterpoint to what would otherwise seem simply like chaotic brushstrokes and jagged lines.

While de Kooning paints the woman's hooves with relative clarity, her hands are blurred. They blend in seamlessly with the remainder of the canvas, again suggesting that she is in motion. The blurred hands are also unsettling, symbolizing the unearthly and even unnatural or supernatural female image. However, the woman's ample bosom forms the main foreground of "Woman 1. The largest solid blocks of color on the canvas, the breasts are mostly white. The bright white adds shadow and creates a sense of depth in the composition.

White also symbolizes breast milk. Moreover, the white in the breasts balances the black on the hooves and head as…… [Read More]. Art History the Lure of. A romanticism that was rooted in the legendary European past served well to bring comfort and a sense of place in space and time to people who might otherwise have felt rootless and adrift.

In its eclecticism the Richardsonian Romanesque house gave visible expression to the deepest needs and of an age. New York: Icon Editions, A www. A Concise History of American Architecture. Boulder, CO: estview Press, Art History Art ages Discussion question 1 page long follow directions carefully youtube lectures provided There is no denying the fact that one of the hallmarks of embrandt's works of art is his copious usage of elements of light, dark and shadow to great effect.

This sort of tenebrism is deployed by the artist initially to give a sense of contrast to his works. Light and dark are antipodes of one another, and by involving both of these elements the painter was able to create striking counterpoints within his works of art. This fact is seen quite prominently in his self-portrait circa Not only does the artist use both light and dark elements to illustrate his face and the brimming future which he saw in front of himself as an artist, but this portrait is also characterized by loose brushwork which is distinct from the crisp strokes of the…… [Read More].

Art History ime ravel Our first stop will be the eighteenth century, where we will investigate Neoclassical painting. We will be visiting Sir Joshua Reynolds, as he works on his oil on canvas "Portrait of a Black Man" -- and we will be asking if the heroic structure of the painting is meant to contain some sort of ideological message, for example asserting the humanity of his subject against the evils of slavery which was then still common.

We should also find out if indeed the portrait is of Dr. Samuel Johnson's servant Francis Barber, as Johnson's progressive attitude in opposing slavery and his generous treatment of Barber, to whom he left his estate might explain why this figure is treated heroically in the painting. Art History. John the Baptist" by Jacopo del Sellaio, and "St.

Sebastian Attended by Holy omen" by Nicolas Regnier called Nicolo Renieri reveal the differences between early and later Renaissance painting in Italy. Jacopo del Sellaio's word dates to the late fifteenth century, and Renieri painted more than a century after that. The historical context of their work also signals the differences between Sellaio and Renieri.

Sellaio studied under Fra Filippo Lippi and his style inevitably reveals his connection with the Lippi school. Sandro Botticelli studied under Lippi at the same time; Renieri and Botticelli influenced each other and this is especially evident in "Virgin and Child with St. John the Baptist. European Art History From From this point-of-view, on Protestant art, the effect of Reformation is a releasing effect, with the former conceptualization into iconic figures of saints and Christ being transformed in the more relaxed imagery of peasants simply enjoying their time together.

On the other hand, Reformation had a different impact on Catholic art. Especially through its Counter-Reformation process, the Catholic Church wanted to impose a continuance of tradition even in terms of culture and art. This obviously meant, among others, a preservation and exacerbation of icon and religious imagery use in everyday paintings. One good example of this is a painting of the lamentation by Scipione Pulzone. A traditional image in Catholic art, the act seems greatly increased in intensity in Pulzone's case.

Despite the portrayal of a town in the background as was the tradition during the 14th to 16th centuries , this remains not only lost in the background, but almost…… [Read More]. Asian Art History What Had. Over the course of time, this gave many, the ability to express ideas from: Chinese mysticism and culture.

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Guang is the classic example of this, where a mysterious dragon is resting on a base. This is signifying, the belief in East Asian ideals and what they have tied to these different views such as dragons. Where, the subject is depicted to be: powerful and larger than life creature even though they are not real.

This helped artisans to design a real life representation of their subjects. They would then paint these images, to illustrate the emotions and feelings that were being experienced. This is important, because it helped to create new ways that artists could be able to: represent their subjects and the…… [Read More]. Narrative in Asian Art History. Narrative in Asian Art History Exporting Buddhism's Moral Authority Whether or not one accepts Hayden White's assertion that the will to narrativize history is inseparable from a will to impose moral authority in a specific social reality, a brief survey of the artworks of several important Asian religious sites shows that there were narrative works.

A further look reveals that those narrative works took as their subject matter the most significant entity in the region, the Buddha. In addition, the fact that the Buddha and the ideas of the Buddha were exported to sites beyond the Indian subcontinent, to Jakarta, Indonesia for example, does indicate that perhaps White is correct. Perhaps by exporting the ideas attributed to the Buddha, those who commissioned the artworks were attempting to impose their own moral authority on a specific social reality, as well as reinforcing it at home.

Art During Renaissance the Evolution of Art. Art During Renaissance The Evolution of Art During the Renaissance The Renaissance period is defined as a cultural movement that spanned approximately from the 14th to the 17th century, beginning in Italy in the Late Middle Ages and later spreading to the rest of Europe rotton , p. This period in the history of art included the painting, decorative arts and sculpture of the period and for many was considered a reawakening or rebirth of historic and ancient traditions based on the classical antiquity and the inclusion of more recent developments by applications of contemporary scientific knowledge.

The Renaissance was seen as a bridge between the Middle Ages and the modern era.


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The period also marked a cognitive shift from religious perspectives to a more intellectual and social focus. Classical texts previously lost to European scholars became readily available and included science, drama, poetry, prose, philosophy, and new considerations…… [Read More]. Art Culture. The reason for this controversial treatment of public art is its ability to embrace a variety of aesthetic practices.

The adoption of different aesthetic values like poster art, outdoor sculpture, earthworks, multimedia projections, and community-based projects among others, breaks the public's traditional understanding of art Glahn, This critique finds that the public's totalizing classification of public sphere brings about controversy and dialogue over public art displays.

By reviewing the famous public art "Tilted Arc" by Richard Serra, this analysis will show that there are distinct differences between public understanding and professional understanding of public art. The government with the intention of exhibiting, protecting, and edifying art, commissions public art in…… [Read More]. Art of Classical Antiquity in the Ancient. Art of classical antiquity, in the ancient cultures of Greece and ome, has been much revered, admired, and imitated.

In fact, the arts of ancient Greece and ome can be considered the first self-conscious and cohesive art movements in Europe. Style, form, execution, and media were standardized and honed to the point where aesthetic ideals were created and sustained over time. The art of classical antiquity in Greece and ome reverberated throughout history, impacting the art of subsequent eras in Europe. In fact, there can be no absolute "neoclassical" era in art history because of the way neoclassicism evolved throughout the centuries since the fall of the oman Empire. The arts of the enaissance borrowed heavily from classical antiquity, as can be seen in enaissance icons such as Michelangelo's David.

Some suggest that medieval art pays homage to classical antiquity, even if the quotations from classical Greek and ome are…… [Read More]. History of Western Art Compare. As a result, both works of art share this similarity, as they want to instill the audience with a sense of awe and respect for this person.

Art History Research Paper Topics: Ancient Civilizations

Stokstad, When you step back and analyze both statues, it is clear that Donatello as well as Michael Angelo is trying to impress upon the audience a sense of: strength and respect for their statues. This is illustrated by the way they are using his physique, to underscore his physical strength and sexual prowess.

However, both artists have different interpretations about what this character should look like. As far as Donatello is concerned, he is highlighting these momentous changes that are occurring through a graphic depiction of the aftermath of the battle. Where, he shows David posed victoriously, with his foot on top of Goliath' severed head. This is important, because Donatello is trying to instill in the audience a sense of…… [Read More].

Instead, it must. Those who fail history are doomed to repeat it in summer school, don't let this be you! Here given is a tutorial that provides you with a list of unique ideas of history research paper topics. If you need a custom term paper on World History: History Of The Marshall Islands, you can hire a professional writer here to write you a high quality authentic. A good history essay or research paper needs to explain something. Free essays, research papers, term papers, and other writings on literature, science, history, politics, and more Writing An Essay Skills.

A way to teach students how to develop historical questions. Rationale: This term paper provides an opportunity for the student to examine, in depth, one specific event, topic, or person in American History from - Bibliography: A research paper requires research, i. The following notes and references are meant to help you to organize and compose a. The sculpture, "Aphrodite of Knidos" by Praxiteles. SlideShare Explore Search You. Submit Search. Successfully reported this slideshow.

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Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. While the human form has always been an acceptable muse, the nude female form still today stirs up controversy. When Praxiteles sculpted Aphrodite of Knidos B. Approximately 1, years after Aphrodite of Knidos, Sandro Botticelli depicted the goddess Venus nude in his painting Birth of Venus ca.

Although there is exquisite beauty in both works by Praxiteles and Botticelli, there are also distinctions that allow each piece to stand on its own. On the surface there is much similarity between Aphrodite of Knidos and Birth of Venus. Even with a quick glance the similarities in the form of each goddess is apparent. We cannot deny that before us a beautiful goddess stands nude and exposed.

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